Two consecutive Mitzvos governing our interpersonal relationships with wicked Jews appear in yesterday’s parsha.
כִּי תִפְגַּע שׁוֹר אֹיִבְךָ, אוֹ חֲמֹרוֹ--תֹּעֶה: הָשֵׁב תְּשִׁיבֶנּוּ, לוֹ=If thou meet thine enemy's ox or his ass going astray, thou shalt surely bring it back to him again.
כִּי-תִרְאֶה חֲמוֹר שֹׂנַאֲךָ, רֹבֵץ תַּחַת מַשָּׂאוֹ, וְחָדַלְתָּ, מֵעֲזֹב לוֹ--עָזֹב תַּעֲזֹב, עִמּוֹ. =If thou see the ass of him that hateth thee lying under its burden, thou shalt forbear to pass by him; thou shalt surely release it with him.
Khazal explain that the Sonei is one whom you, as a single witness, observed committing a sin/sexual indiscretion. The Targum Yonoson describes the Oyev the same way.
1. What is the Lashon Qodesh difference between a Sonei and a Oyev ?
2. Are these mitzvahs designed to leave the relationship unchanged? i.e. Do we say that these people were confirmed transgressors before I interacted withthem. Now, although I did them a good turn by returning their lost animals or unloading their collapsing animal I’ve no evidence that they’ve repented of their sins and so, they are still enemies/ haters…or do I say that the goal of the mitzvah is to reduce/eliminate the hatred and enmity?
Qedusha-Havdala…Have you had YOURS today??? Hmm???